Address:                     Department of Anthropology

409 Genetics Institute, Cancer and Genetics Research Complex

2033 Mowry Rd, PO Box 103610

University of Florida

Gainesville, FL 32610-3610

Telephone:                 (352) 273-8092 (office), (352) 273-8091 (lab), (352) 273-8284 (fax)




Positions and Employment

2011-2016, 2018-2019  Associate Chair, Department of Anthropology

2012 – 2016        Co-graduate coordinator, UF Genetics & Genomics Graduate Program

2010 – present    Professor, Department of Anthropology

2008 – present    Affiliate Professor, Center for African Studies, University of Florida

2005 – 2010        Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Florida

2003 – 2015        Associate Director, University of Florida Genetics Institute

1999 – 2005        Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Florida

1998 – 2000        National Research Council Senior Research Associate, NIAAA, NIH

1995 – 1998        Research Biologist, Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education

1991 – 1995        Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Republic of Panamá

1990 – 1991        Postdoctoral Fellow, Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University



1990         Ph.D., Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Prof. Dieter Söll, Yale University

  • Phil., Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University

1983         B.S., Honors Biology and Chemistry, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana



2019                Intergenerational inheritance of epigenetic changes associated with exposure to violence during pregnancy, NSF, $348,333, 8/1/18-7/31/20 (PI)

2018                Workshop on data access and data sharing in biological anthropology, NSF, $48,300, 3/1/18-2/28/19 (coPI)

2017                NSF-BCS-1719866, “Epigenetic alterations, gene expression, and stress among new mothers and neonates in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A biocultural investigation of the intergenerational effects of stress”, $499,446, 02/01/17-01/31/19 (PI)

2015                NSF BCS-1540372, “Doctoral Dissertation Research: Effect of intrauterine environment on newborn telomere length”, $18,809, 8/15/15-7/31/16 (PI, student co-PI – Peter Rej)

2014                NSF BCS-1448213, “US/UK joint workshop on social and behavioral epigenetics”, $48,940, 6/15/14-5/31/15 (PI)

2013                NSF BCS-1258965, “Doctoral dissertation research: Testing for archaic hominid introgression in Eritrean and Yemeni modern human genomes”, $26,135, 2/1/13-1/31/15 (PI, student co-PI – Deven Vyas)

2012                NSF BCS-1231264, “Epigenetic alterations and stress among new mothers and neonates in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A biocultural investigation of the intergenerational effects of war”, $353,328, 8/1/12-7/31/14 (PI)

2008                NSF BCS-0820687, “Genetics ancestry, race and health disparities: A biocultural approach”, $391,586, 7/15/08-7/14/13 (PI)

2005                NSF BCS-0518530, “Human dispersals out of Africa: Mitochondrial and Y chromosomal genetic analysis of Eritrean and Omani populations”, $311,708 + Supplement – $2,813 (2006) + REU supplement – $8,000 (2007), 7/29/05-7/28/08, (PI)

2005                NSF, “Domestication of the donkey: Aridity, mobility, and the development of the African pastoral societies”, PI-Dr. Fiona Marshall, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, $32,000 (2005/2006) + $5,600 (2006) + $7,500 (2007), 1/1/05-12/31/07 (contract)

2002                NSF BCS-0129721, “Acquisition of an automated DNA analysis system”, $42,000 with matching funds from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, 2/1/02 (PI)

2001                NIH R03 AA12906, “Genotype:phenotype associations in alcoholism and alcohol-related disorders”, $144,500, 5/11/01-5/31/03 (PI)

2001                NIH Training Grant AA07561-09, “Training in alcohol and neurodegenerative disease”, $191,391, 7/1/93-6/30/03 (1 of 15 preceptors)



2017-2018       UF Term Professorship Award

2017                CLAS candidate for UF Teacher/Scholar of the Year award

2016                UF Postdoctoral Mentoring Award

2013-2016       University of Florida Foundation Research Professor

2013                University of Florida Honors Professor of the Year

2012-2013       Elizabeth Wood Dunlevie Honors Term Professor

2010                HHMI Science for Life Distinguished Mentor Award

2007-2008       Colonel Allan R. and Margaret G. Crow Term Professor



  1. Clukay CJ, Hughes DA, Kertes DA, Mulligan CJ. Associations between maternal stress, DNA methylation, and newborn birthweight identified by investigating methylation at individual, regional, and genome levels, Hum Biol, in press.
  2. Turner TR and Mulligan CJ. 2019. Data sharing in biological anthropology: Guiding principles and best practices, Am J Phys Anthropol, doi: 10.1002/ajpa.23909. *Invited
  3. Rej PH, HEAT Steering Committee, Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2019. Shortened telomere length is associated with unfair treatment attributed to race in African Americans living in Tallahassee, Florida, Am J Hum Biol, Dec 23:e23375, DOI: 1002/ajhb.23375
  4. Clukay CJ, Dajani R, Hadfield K, Quinlan J, Panter-Brick C, Mulligan CJ. 2019. Association of MAOA genetic variants and resilience with psychosocial stress: A longitudinal study of Syrian refugees, PLoS ONE, Jul 17;14(7):e0219385. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219385.
  5. Clukay CJ, Matarazzo A, Dajani R, Hadfield K, Panter-Brick C, Mulligan CJ. FAAH, SLC6A4, and BDNF variants are not associated with psychosocial stress and mental health outcomes in a population of Syrian refugee youth, bioRxiv 685636, doi:10.1101/685636.
  6. Vyas DN and Mulligan CJ. Analyses of Neanderthal introgression suggest that Levantine and southern Arabian populations have a shared population history, Am J Phys Anthropol, doi: 1002/ajpa.23818.
  7. Brucato N, Fernandes V, Kusuma P, Cerny V, Mulligan CJ, Soares P, Rito T, Besse C, Boland A, Deleuze J-F, Cox MP, Sudoyo H, Stoneking M, Pereira L, Ricaut F-X. Evidence of Austronesian genetic lineages in East Africa: Complex dispersal from Madagascar and Southeast Asia, Gen Biol Evol, doi: 10.1093/gbe/evz028. [Epub ahead of print].
  8. Fuller KC, McCarty C, Seaborn C, Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2018. ACE gene haplotypes and social networks: Using a biocultural framework to investigate blood pressure variation in African Americans, PLoS ONE, 13:e0204127.
  9. Mulligan CJ. Insights from epigenetic studies on human health and evolution, Current Opinion in Genetics and Development, 53:36-42. *Invited.
  10. Mulligan CJ. The emerging field of social and behavioral epigenetics, Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, in press. *Invited.
  11. Clukay CJ, Hughes DA, Rodney NC, Kertes DA, Mulligan CJ. 2017. DNA methylation of methylation complex genes in relation to stress and genome-wide methylation in mother-newborn dyads, Am J Phys Anthropol, 165(1):173-182.
  12. Montoya-Williams D, Quinlan J, Clukay C, Rodney NC, Kertes DA, Mulligan C. Associations between maternal prenatal stress, methylation changes in IGF-1 and IGF-2 and birthweight, Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, Oct 11:1-8 Epub ahead of print.
  13. Vyas DN, AL-Meeri A, Mulligan CJ. 2017. Testing support for the Northern and Southern Dispersal Routes out of Africa: analysis of Levantine and southern Arabian populations, Am J Phys Anthropol, 164(4):736-749.
  14. Kertes DA, Bhatt SS, Kamin HS, Hughes DA, Rodney NC, Mulligan CJ. 2017. BDNF methylation in mothers and newborns is associated with maternal exposure to war trauma, Clinical Epigenetics, 9:68. doi; 10.1186/s13148-017-03670-x.
  15. Landrian I, McFarland KN, Liu J, Mulligan CJ, Rasmussen A, Ashizawa T. 2017. Inheritance patterns of ATCCT repeat interruptions in spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 expansions, PLoS ONE, 12:e0175958.
  16. Mulligan CJ, Szathmáry EJE. 2017. The peopling of the Americas and the origin of the Beringian occupation model, Am J Phys Anthropol, 162: 403-408.
  17. Quinlan J, Pearson LN, Clukay CJ, Mitchell MM, Boston Q, Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2016. Genetic loci and novel discrimination measures associated with blood pressure variation in African Americans living in Tallahassee, PLoS ONE, 11(12):e0167700.
  18. Mulligan CJ. 2016. Early environments, stress, and the epigenetics of human health, Annual Review Anthro, 45:233-249. *Invited
  19. deFrance S, Kimura BK, LeFebvre MJ, Knodel HI, Turner MS, Fitzsimmons NS, Fitzpatrick MS, Mulligan CJ. 2016. Origin of pre-Columbian guinea pigs from Caribbean archaeological sites revealed through genetic analysis, J Arch Sci, 5:442-452.
  20. Černý V, Čížková M, Poloni ES, Al-Meeri A, Mulligan CJ, Comprehensive view of the population history of Arabia as inferred by mtDNA variation, Am J Phys Anthropol, 159:6-7-616.
  21. Vyas D, Kitchen A, MIró-Herrans AT, Pearson L, Al-Meeri A, Mulligan CJ, 2016. Bayesian analyses of Yemeni mitochondrial genomes suggest multiple migration events with Africa and Eurasia, Am J Phys Anthropol, 159:382-393.
  22. Kertes DA, Kamin HS, Hughes DA, Rodney NC, Mulligan CJ. 2016. Prenatal maternal stress predicts methylation of genes regulating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical system in mothers and newborns, Child Development, special issue on “Epigenetics in Child and Adolescent Development”, 87:61-72.
  23. Boulter AC, Quinlan JA, Miró-Herrans AT, Pearson L, Todd NL, Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2015. Interaction of Alu polymorphisms and novel measures of discrimination in association with blood pressure in African Americans living in Tallahassee, Hum Biol 87(4):295-305.
  24. Carter TE, Malloy H, Existe A, Memnon G, St. Victor Y, Okech VA, Mulligan CJ. 2015. Genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum in Haiti: Insights from microsatellite markers, PLoS ONE, 10(10):e0140416.
  25. Wang K, McFarland KN, Liu J, Zeng D, Landrian I, Xia YH, Jin M, Mulligan CJ, Gu W, Ashizawa T. 2015. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) in Chinese Han, Neurology: Genetics, 1(3):e26.
  26. Mulligan CJ. 2015. Social and behavioral epigenetics. American Anthropologist, 117:858-859. *Invited.
  27. Mulligan C. 2015. “Biological and cultural influences on disease”, in Rosenberg N and Nielsen R (eds), Human Population Genetics II, The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks Ltd, London (online at
  28. Boncy PJ, Adrien P, Lemoine JF, Existe A, Henry PJ, Raccurt C, Brasseur P, Fenelon N, Dame JB, Okech BA, Kaljee L, Baxa D, El Badry MA, Tagliamonte MS, Mulligan CJ, Carter TE, de Rochars VNB, Lutz C, Parke DM, Zervos MJ. 2015. Malaria elimination in Haiti by the year 2020: An achievable goal? Malaria J, 14:237.
  29. Carter TE, Boulter A, Existe A, Romain JR, St Victor JY, Mulligan CJ, Okech BA. 2015. Artemisinin resistance-associated polymorphisms at the K13-propeller locus are absent in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Haiti, Am J Trop Med Hygiene, 92(3): 552-554.
  30. Rodney NC and Mulligan CJ. 2014. A biocultural study of the effects of maternal stress on mother and newbown health in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Amer J Phys Anthropol, 155(2):200-209.
  31. Miró-Herrans AT, AL-Meeri A, Mulligan CJ. 2014. Human migration patterns in Yemen and implications for reconstructing prehistoric population movements. PLoS ONE, 9(4): e95712.
  32. Hodgson JA, Mulligan CJ, Al-Meeri A, Raaum R. 2014. Early back-to-Africa migration into the Horn of Africa, PLoS Genetics, 10(6):e1004393.
  33. Carter TE, Maloy H, von Fricken M, St. Victor Y, Romain JR, Okech BA, Mulligan CJ. 2014. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency A- variant in febrile patients in Haiti, Am J Trop Med Hygiene, 91(2):412-4.
  34. Carter TE, von Fricken M, Romain JR, Memnon G, St Victor Y, Schick L, Okech BA, Mulligan CJ. 2014. Detection of sickle cell hemoglobin by genotyping and hemoglobin solubility tests in Haiti, Am J Trop Med Hygiene, 91(2):406-11.
  35. Mulligan CJ, Kitchen A. 2013. Three stage colonization model for peopling of the Americas. Paleoamerican Odyssey, eds Graf KE, Ketron CV, Waters M, Center for the Study of the First Americans, Texas A&M University Press, pp 171-182.
  36. Kimura B, Marshall F, Beja-Pereira A, and Mulligan C. 2013. Donkey domestication. African Archaeological Review, 30(1):83-95, DOI 10.1007/s10437-012-9126-8 (one of our figures appeared on the cover of the journal).
  37. Raaum RL, Al-Meeri A, Mulligan CJ. 2013. Culture modifies expectations of kinship and sex-biased dispersal patterns: A case study of patrilineality and patrilocality in tribal Yemen. Am J Phys Anthropol, 150(4):526-538.
  38. Miró-Herrans AT, Mulligan CJ. 2013. Human demographic processes and genetic variation as revealed by mtDNA simulations, Mol Biol Evol, 30(2):244-252.
  39. Bushara K, Bower M, Liu J, McFarland KN, Landrian I, Hutter D, Teive H, Rasmussen A, Mulligan CJ, Ashizawa T. 2013. Expansion of the spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) repeat in a patient with Sioux Native American ancestry, PLoS ONE, 8(11):e81342.
  40. Mulligan CJ, D’Errico NS, Stees J, Hughes DA. 2012. Methylation changes at NR3C1 in newborns associate with maternal prenatal stress exposure and newborn birthweight, Epigenetics, 7:853-857, doi: 10.4161/epi.21180.
  41. Carter T, Warner M, Mulligan CJ, Existe A, Yves Saint Victor J, Memnon G, Boncy J, Oscar R, Fukuda M, Okech BA. Evaluation of dihydrofolate reductase and dihydropteroate synthetase genotypes that confer resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in Plasmodium falciparum in Haiti, Malaria J, 11:275.
  42. Al-Abri A, Podgorná E, Rose J, Pereira L, Mulligan CJ, Silva NM. Bayoumi R, Soares P, Černý V. 2012. Pleistocene – Holocene boundary in southern Arabia from the perspective of human mtDNA variation, Am J Phys Anthropol, 149(2):291-298, doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22131.
  43. Non AL, Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2012. Education, genetic ancestry, and blood pressure in African Americans and Whites, Am J Pub Health, 102(8):1559-65.
  44. Al-Meeri A, Non, AL, LaJoie TW, Mulligan CJ. 2011. Effect of different sampling strategies for a single geographic region in Yemen on standard genetic analyses of mitochondrial DNA sequence data, Mitochondrial DNA, 22(3):66-70.
  45. Gray RR, Salemi M, Lowe A, Nakamura KJ, Decker WD, Sinkala M, Kankasa C, Mulligan CJ, Thea D, Kuhn L, Aldrovandi G, Goodenow MM. 2011. Multiple independent lineages of HIV-1 persist in breast milk and plasma, AIDS, 25(2):143-52
  46. Liu J, Zhou Z, Hodgkinson CA, Yuan Q, Shen PH, Wang A, Virkkunen M, Mulligan CJ, Gray RR, Roy A, Goldman D, Enoch M-A. 2011. Haplotype-Based Study of the Association of Alcohol Metabolizing Genes with Alcohol Dependence in Four Independent Populations, Alcohol: Clin Exp Res, 35(2):304-16
  47. Kimura B, Marshall FB, Chen S, Rosenbom S, Moehlman PD, Tuross N, Sabin RC, Peters J, Barich B, Yohannes H, Kebede F, Teclai R, Beja-Pereira A, Mulligan CJ. 2011. Ancient DNA from NGray ubian and Somali wild ass provides insights into donkey ancestry and domestication, Proceedings Proc R Soc B, 278(1702):50-7
  48. Cerny V, Mulligan CJ, Fernandes V, Silva NM, Alshamali F, Non A, Harich N, Cherni L, El Gaaied AB, Al-Meeri A, Pereira L. 2011. Internal diversification of mitochondrial haplogroup R0a reveals post-Last Glacial Maximum demographic expansions in South Arabia, Mol Biol Evol, 28:71-78
  49. Destro-Bisol G, Jobling MA, Rocha J, Novembre J, Richards MB, Mulligan C, Batini C, Manni F. Molecular Anthropology in the Genomic Era. Journal of Anthropological Sciences, 88:93-112.
  50. Non AL, Al-Meeri A, Raaum RL, Sanchez LF, Mulligan CJ. 2011. Mitochondrial DNA reveals distinct evolutionary histories for Jewish populations in Yemen and Ethiopia, Am JPhy Anthropol, 144(1):1-10.
  51. Raaum RL, Wang AB, Al-Meeri AM, Mulligan CJ. Efficient population assignment and outlier detection in human populations using biallelic markers chosen by principal component-based rankings, Biotechniques, 2010 Jun;48(6):449-54
  52. Non AL, Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2010. Questioning the importance of genetic ancestry as a contributor to preterm delivery and related traits in African American women, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 202(6):e12.
  53. Gravlee CC, Mulligan CJ. 2010. Re: Racial disparities in cancer survival among randomized clinical trials of the southwest oncology group, J Natl Cancer Inst, 102:280.
  54. Gravlee CC, Non AL, Mulligan CJ. Genetic ancestry, social classification, and racial inequalities in blood pressure in Southeastern Puerto Rico, PLoS ONE, 4(9):e6821.
  55. Bhaskar LV, Thangaraj K, Mulligan CJ, Wasnik S, Nandan A, Sharma VK, Sharma V, Reddy AG, Singh L, Rao VR. 2009. Dopamine transporter (DAT1) VNTR polymorphism in 12 Indian populations, Neurol Sci, 30(6):487-93.
  56. Kitchen A, Ehret D, Assefa S, Mulligan CJ. 2009. Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of Semitic languages identifies an Early Bronze Age origin of Semitic in the Near East, Proc R Soc B 276:2703-10
  57. Cerný V, Fernandes V, Costa MD, Hajek M, Mulligan CJ, Pereira L. 2009. Migration of Chadic speaking pastoralists within Africa based on population structure of Chad Basin and phylogeography of mitochondrial L3f haplogroup, BMC Evol Biol , 9(1):63
  58. Cerný V, Pereira L, Kujanová M, Vasiková A, Hájek M, Morris M, Mulligan CJ. 2009. Out of Arabia: The settlement of Island Socotra as revealed by mitochondrial and Y chromosome genetic diversity. Am J Phys Anthropol, 138:439-447.
  59. Mulligan CJ, Kitchen A, Miyamoto MM. 2008. Updated three-stage model for the peopling of the Americas, PLoS ONE, 3(9):e3199.
  60. Ascunce MS, González-Oliver A, Mulligan CJ. 2008. Y chromosome variability in four Native American populations from Panamá, Hum Biol, 80:287-302.
  61. Cerný V, Mulligan CJ, Rídl J, Zaloudková M, Edens CM, Hájek M, Pereira L. Regional differences in the distribution of the sub-Saharan, West Eurasian, and South Asian mtDNA lineages in Yemen, Am J Phys Anthropol, 136:128-137.
  62. Kitchen D, Miyamoto MM, Mulligan CJ. A three-stage colonization model for the peopling of the Americas, PLoS ONE, 3(2):e1596.
  63. Kitchen A, Miyamoto MM, Mulligan CJ. 2008. Utility of DNA viruses for studying human host history: Case study of JC virus, Mol Phylogenet Evol, 46:673-682.
  64. Mulligan CJ, Norris SJ, Lukehart SA. 2008. Molecular studies in Treponema pallidum evolution: Toward clarity? PLoS Neg Trop Dis, 2(1):e184.
  65. Bhaskar LVKS, Thangaraj K, Mulligan CJ, Papa Rao A, Shah AM, Sabeera B, Reddy AG, Singh L, Rao VR. 2008. Allelic variation and haplotype structure of the dopamine receptor gene DRD2 in 9 Indian populations, Genet Testing, 12: 153-160.
  66. Tamm E, Kivisild T, Reidla M, Metspalu M, Smith DG, Mulligan CJ, et al. 2007. Beringian Standstill and Spread of Native American Founders, PLoS ONE, Sept 5:2(9):e829.
  67. Non AL, Kitchen A, Mulligan CJ. 2007. Identification of the most informative regions of the mitochondrial genome for phylogenetic and coalescent analyses, Mol Phylogenet Evol, 44:1164-1171.
  68. Bhaskar LVKS, Thangaraj K, Shah AM, Pardhasaradhi G, Kumar KP, Reddy AG, Rao AP, Mulligan CJ, Singh L and Rao VR. 2007. Allelic variation at the NPY gene in 14 Indian populations, J Hum Genet, 52: 592-598.
  69. Clarimon J, Gray RR, Williams LN, Enoch MA, Robin RW, Albaugh B, Singleton A, Goldman D, Mulligan CJ. 2007. Linkage disequilibrium and association analysis of alpha synuclein (SNCA) and alcohol and drug dependence in two American Indian populations, Alcohol: Clin Exp Res, 31:546-554.
  70. Ascunce MS, Hasson E, Zunino G, Mulligan CJ, Mudry MD. 2007. Mitochondrial sequence diversity of the southernmost extant New World monkey, A caraya, Mol Phylogenet Evol, 43:202-215.
  71. Ascunce MS, Kitchen A, Schmidt PR, Miyamoto MM, Mulligan CJ. 2007. Unusual pattern of ancient DNA mitochondrial DNA haplogroups in northern African cattle, Zoo Studies, 46:123-125.
  72. Mulligan CJ, Kitchen A, Miyamoto MM. 2006. Comment on “Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals”, Science, 314:1390.
  73. Gray RR, Mulligan CJ, Molini BJ, Sun ES, Giacani L, Godornes C, Kitchen A, Lukehart SA, Centurion-Lara A. 2006. Molecular evolution of the tprC, D, I, K, G, and J genes in the pathogenic genus Treponema, Mol Biol Evol, 23(11): 2220-2233.
  74. Tarskaia L, Gray RR, Burkley B, Mulligan CJ. Genetic variation at the mitochondrial DNA 9-bp repeat locus in the Sakha of Siberia, Hum Biol, 78:179-198.
  75. Mulligan CJ. Anthropological applications of ancient DNA: Problems and prospects, Am Antiq, 71:365-380.
  76. Mulligan CJ. Isolation and analysis of DNA from archaeological, clinical, and natural history specimens, in: Methods in Enzymology, Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data, Part B (Zimmer EA and Roalson E, eds), 395:87-103.
  77. Mulligan CJ, Hunley K, Cone S, Long JC. 2004. Population genetics, history, and health patterns in Native Americans, Annual Rev Genomics Hum Genet, 5(1): 295-315.
  78. Mulligan CJ, Robin RW, Osier MV, Sambuughin N, Goldfarb LG, Kittles RA, Diane Hesselbrock, Goldman D, Long JC. 2003. Allelic variation at alcohol metabolism genes (ADH1B, ADH1C, ALDH2) and alcohol dependence in an American Indian population, Hum Genet, 113:325-336.
  79. Sun, G, McGarvey ST, Bayoumi R, Mulligan CJ, Barrantes R, Raskin S, Zhong Y, Akey J, Chakraborty R, Deka R. 2003. Global genetic variation at nine short tandem repeat loci and implications on forensic genetics, Euro J Hum Genet, 11:39-49.
  • Kolman CJ, Tuross N. Ancient DNA analysis of human populations, Am J Phys Anthropol, 111: 5-23.
  • Kolman CJ, Centurion-Lara A, Lukehart SA, Owsley D, Tuross N. 2000. Identification of Treponema pallidum pallidum in a 200-year-old skeletal specimen, J Infect Dis, 180: 2060-2063.
  • Kolman CJ. 1999. Molecular anthropology: Progress and perspectives on ancient DNA technology, in: Genomic Diversity: Applications in Human Population Genetics, eds. Papiha SS and Deka R., Plenum Publishing, New York, pp. 183-200.
  • Batista O, Kolman CJ, Arias TD, Guionneau-Sinclair F, Quiroz E, Bermingham E. Variación en el ADNmt de dos tribus amerindias chibchas, los ngöbé y cuna de Panamá, Memorias del I Congreso Científico sobre Pueblos Indígenas de Costa Rica y sus Fronteras, Universidad Estatal a Distancia, San José, Costa Rica, pp.15-35.
  1. Iwanaga KK, Eberle M, Kolman CJ, Bermingham E, Watkins DI. Further diversification of the HLA-B locus in Central American Amerindians: New B*39 and B*51 alleles in the Kuna of Panamá, Tissue Antigens, 50: 251-257.
  • Kolman CJ, Bermingham E. 1997. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA diversity in the Chocó and Chibcha Amerinds of Panamá, Genetics, 147: 1289-1302.
  1. Kolman CJ, Sambuughin N, Bermingham E. 1996. Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Mongolian populations and implications for the origin of New World founders, Genetics, 142: 1321-1334.
  2. Batista O, Kolman CJ, Bermingham E. Mitochondrial DNA diversity in the Kuna Amerinds of Panamá, Hum Mol Genet, 4: 921-929.
  3. Kolman CJ, Bermingham E, Cooke R, Ward RH, Arias T, Guionneau-Sinclair F. 1995. Reduced mtDNA diversity in the Ngöbé Amerinds of Panamá, Genetics, 140:275-283.
  4. Kolman C, Söll D. 1993. SPL1-1, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant affecting tRNA splicing, J Bacteriol, 175: 1433-1442.
  5. Kolman CJ, Toth J, Gonda D. 1992. Identification of a portable determinant of cell cycle function within the carboxyl-terminal domain of the yeast CDC34 (UBC3) ubiquitin conjugating (E2) enzyme, EMBO, 11: 3081-3090.
  6. Kolman JL, Kolman CJ, Miller G. Marked variation in the size of genomic plasmids among members of a family of related Epstein-Barr viruses, Proc Nat Acad Sci USA, 89: 7772-7776.
  7. Kolman CJ, Snyder M, Söll D. Genomic organization of tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase genes for two amino acids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Genomics, 3: 201-206.
  8. Ollis D, Kline CJ, Steitz TA. 1985. Domain of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase showing sequence homology to T7 DNA polymerase, Nature, 313: 818-819.



  • One of 116 signers of a letter published in the New York Times Sunday Book Review titled “Letters: ‘A Troublesome Inheritance’”, Aug 8, 2014. The letter states that the signatories (all prominent human population geneticists) do not agree with Nicholas Wade’s interpretation of human genetic data to support arguments of differences among human societies.
  • Mulligan CJ. 2014. Response to “Genomics: HeLa genome versus donor’s genome”, Nature, posted online as a comment –
  • Tuross N and Kolman CJ. 2000. Potential for DNA testing of the human remains from Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington, Report to the Departments of Justice and Interior,



International/National (past five years)

  • Mulligan CJ, “Social and behavioral epigenetics: Three studies from Florida, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Syria/Jordan”, Musée de l’Homme, Paris, France, Feb 27, 2020.
  • Mulligan CJ, “Epigenetics, gene expression and the intergenerational effects of traumatic stress in mothers and offspring in the Democratic Republic of Congo”, Environmental and Global Health Seminar Series, Emerging Pathogens Institute, Feb 11, 2020.
  • Mulligan CJ, How does maternal stress affect the mother’s DNA and her child’s DNA, HEAL Africa, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo, July 8, 2019.
  • Mulligan CJ, How to publish a scientific paper, HEAL Africa, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo, July 5, 2019.
  • Mulligan CJ, “Social and behavioral epigenetics”, ESRC/BBSRC Epigenetics Showcase, London, England, May 2, 2019 – *keynote speaker.
  • Mulligan CJ, “Workshop on data sharing in biological anthropology”, Feb 7, 2019, Milwaukee, WI.
  • Mulligan CJ. Epigenetics, gene expression and the intergenerational effects of stress in mothers and offspring in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 87th meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Austin, TX, April 11-14, 2018.
  • Mulligan CJ. Negotiating an academic position, First-ever webinar for UF Department of Anthropology and American Association of Anthropological Genetics (AAAG), Nov 14, 2017.
  • Mulligan CJ, Epigenetic alterations and stress in new mothers and newborns in the Democratic Republic of Congo, University of Albany, Albany, NY, Oct 20, 2017.
  • Mulligan CJ, Social and behavioral epigenetics, Workshop on environmental and social determinants of health, Harvard University and University of Albany, Saratoga Springs, NY, Oct 19-20, 2017. *Keynote speaker.
  • Mulligan CJ, Clukay C, Quinlan J, Dajani R, Hamadmad D, Abudayyeh G, Panter-Brick C. Genetics of risk and resilience in Syrian refugee youth, 86th meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, New Orleans, LA, April 19-22, 2017.
  • Mulligan CJ, “Genetics of risk and resilience in Syrian refugee youth”, Yale University, New Haven, CT, Feb 23, 2017.
  • Mulligan CJ, “The effect of maternal stress on newborn birth outcome and epigenetics profiles”, Gates Foundation Grand Challenges meeting, Developmental Origins of Health and Disease session, London, England, Oct 23-26, 2016. *Invited
  • Mulligan CJ, “Epigenetic analysis of intergenerational effects of maternal stress and war trauma in the Democratic Republic of Congo”, HBA session on Biocultural Perspectives on Family Health within and across Generations at the 85th annual meeting of American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Atlanta, GA, April 13-16, 2016.



Classes taught:

Molecular Genetics of Disease (graduate and undergraduate)

Foundations for a Career in Anthropology (graduate)

Bioethics in Daily Life (Honors program)

Proseminar in Anthropology IIA: Biological Anthropology (graduate)

Advanced Molecular Anthropology Laboratory (graduate)

Seminar in Molecular Anthropology (graduate and undergraduate)


Graduate students, defended: PhD chair (10), PhD member (9), Masters chair (9), Masters member (8)

Graduate students, current: PhD chair (4), PhD member (2), Masters member (1)

Undergraduate students: >50 undergraduates have worked in my laboratory for a total of >200 semesters



Service to the department (past five years)

  • Associate chair, 2011-2016, 2018-2019
  • Member, Personnel committee, 2016-2018
  • Member, Graduate education committee, 2016-2018
  • Member, Search committee for Pound Lab Research Scientist, 2017-2018
  • Member, Search committee for Pound Lab Director, 2016-2017
  • Member, Advisory committee, 2013-2016
  • Member, Development committee and Writer, Newsletter, 2011-2016

Service to the college and university (past five years)

  • Member, UF’s Edward Bouchet Honor Society Review Committee, 2016-present
  • Member of Scholarship Oversight Committee for Dr. Diana Montoya-Williams, a College of Medicine Neonatology Fellow, 2015-2018
  • Faculty advisor for Genetics Club, an undergraduate organization dedicated to promoting interest in and participation in genetics among UF students, 2015-2017
  • Mentor, University Minority Mentoring Program, 2011-2012, 2016–2017
  • Member, Mentor committee for Dr. Darlene Kertes, assistant professor, UF Department of Psychology, 2013-2017
  • Co-graduate coordinator, UF Genetics & Genomics Graduate Program, 2012-2016

Service to the profession (past five years)

  • Senior Associate Editor, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 2019-present
  • Member, NSF Biological Anthropology DDIG panel, 2019
  • Co-organized a workshop on Data Sharing in Biological Anthropology to develop a consensus on sharing of raw/processed/meta data across all the specialties of biological anthropology, to be widely disseminated to professional organization and publishing in subfield journals, Feb 7 – 8, 2019, Milwaukee, WI
  • Hosted Persephone Dsgaun, a graduate student in the Department of Anthropology at Notre Dame who came to my lab to learn about generating and analyzing DNA methylation data, April 18 – May 4, 2018
  • Member, Open Anthropology Research Repository Advisory Board (advises AAA Executive Director concerning the operation of a repository of research materials for the anthropology subfields), 2018
  • President, American Association of Anthropological Genetics, 2017 – 2018
  • Member, Yearbook of Physical Anthropology Editorial Board, 2018 – present
  • Member, NSF Biological Anthropology Senior grants panel, 2017
  • Vice President/President-elect, American Association of Anthropological Genetics, 2016–2017
  • Organizer of two social and behavioral epigenetics statistics workshops for US, UK, and Canadian participants, University of Florida, July 29-31, 2015 and Washington DC, July 29-30, 2014
  • Chair, Academic Organizing Committee, NSF/NIH/RCUK Interagency Epigenetics Workshop Advisory Board, March, 2014 – 2016.
  • Associate Editor, Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2007-2010, 2015-present
  • Editorial boards, PaleoAmerica, 2014-present, Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 2017-2019
  • Member, AAPA committee on Data Archiving and Publication, 2016-present
  • Member, AJPA Publications Committee, 2015-2018
  • Ad hoc reviewer for American Journal of Human Biology, American Journal of Human Genetics, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, BMC Genetics, Epigenetics, European Journal of Frontiers in Genetics, Human Genetics, Human Biology, Lancet Psychiatry, Molecular Biology and Evolution, Molecular Psychiatry, PaleoAmerica, PLoS Genetics, PLoS ONE, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (direct submission editor), Social Science and Medicine


  • Interviewed and quoted in science and general public publications including (alphabetical order): BBC Earth (Mar 30, 2017), NPR All Things Considered (Dec 21, 2016), National Geographic (Jan 2015), National Geographic Daily News (July 21, 2015; June 19, 2015; Feb 27, 2014), Nature Middle East (Jan 16, 2018; Aug 28, 2017), Science (June 5, 2019; Jan 3, 2018; Oct 26, 2015; July 21, 2015; June 19, 2015), Science News (Feb 12, 2014), Science Now (Feb 12, 2014), The Atlantic (Jan 3, 2018), The Guardian (Jan 3, 2018), The Scientist (Jan 3, 2018)
  • A photo of my laboratory group is being used in an online exhibit entitled “Understanding Science” by the University of California Berkeley Museum of Paleontology ( Our photo was chosen to represent anthropology as a discipline (“Want to be a professional scientist?”) and also because it shows people at different stages in their education from a diversity of cultures in a laboratory setting.
  • Three videos of my research in Yemen were created by an IFAS program called Scientific Thinking and Educational Partnership, intended to excite lay people about science as opposed to educating them about one particular project, and posted on youtube. The video entitled “The Eyes Have It” (about women wearing the abaya in Yemen) has been viewed over 117,000 times as of March, 2020 –