Most-Cited First Authored Papers

Zimmerman, A.R. and B. Gao (2013). The Stability of Biochar in the Environment. In: Biochar and Soil Biota, (N. Ladygina and F. Rineau, eds.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Zimmerman, A.R., Gao, B., and M.-Y. Ahn (2011). Positive and negative C mineralization priming effects in biochar-amended soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43: 1169-1179.

Zimmerman, A. R. (2010).  Abiotic and microbial oxidation of laboratory-produced black carbon (biochar). Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 1295–1301.

Zimmerman, A. R., and E. A. Canuel, 2002. Sediment geochemical record of eutrophication in the mesohaline Chesapeake Bay.. Limnology and Oceanography 47(4) 1084-1093.

Zimmerman, A. R., J. Chorover, Goyne, K. W., S.L. Brantley (2004). Protection of mesopore adsorbed organic matter from enzymatic degradation. Environmental Science and Technology 38(17): 4542 – 4548.

Co-Authored Papers

Laffey, A.O., J. Krigbaum, and A.R. Zimmerman, A.R.* (2017). A protocol for pressurized liquid extraction and processing methods to isolate modern and ancient bone cholesterol for compound-specific stable isotope analysis. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 31: 235–244. doi: 10.1002/rcm.7786.

Zengel, S., Jennifer Weaver, Steven C. Pennings, Brian Silliman, Donald R. Deis, Clay L. Montague, Nicolle Rutherford, Zachary Nixon, and Andrew R. Zimmerman (2016). Five Years of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Effects on Marsh Periwinkles (Littoraria irrorata). Marine Ecology Progress Series. doi: 10.3354/meps11827.

Zhuhong, D., Wan, Y., Hu, X., Wang, S., Zimmerman, A.R., and B. Gao (2016). Sorption of lead and methylene blue onto hickory biochars from different pyrolysis temperatures: Importance of physicochemical properties. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 37:261–267.     doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2016.03.035

Fang, J., Gao, B., Zimmerman, A.R., Kyoung Ro; Jianjun Chen (2016). Physically (CO2) activated hydrochars from hickory and peanut hull: Preparation, characterization, and sorption of methylene blue, lead, copper, and cadmium. RSC Advances, RSC Adv., 2016,6, 24906-24911. DOI: 10.1039/C6RA01644H

Wang, S., Gao, B., Yuncong L., Zimmerman, A.R. and X. Cao (2016). Sorption of arsenic onto Ni/Fe layered double hydroxide (LDH)-biochar composites. RSC Advances, 6: 17792. DOI: 10.1039/c5ra17490b

Jin, J., Zimmerman, A.R., Norton, S.B., Annable, M.D. and W.G. Harris (2016). Arsenic release from Floridan Aquifer rock during incubations simulating aquifer storage and recovery operations. Accepted. Science of the Total Environment 551–552: 238–245.

Inyang, M., Gao, B., Yao, Y., Xue, Y., Zimmerman, A. R., Mosa, A.; Pullammanappallil, P., Ok, Y.S., and X. Cao (2015). A Review of Biochar as a Low Cost Adsorbent for Heavy Metal Removal in solution. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1080/10643389.2015.1096880

Kupryianchyk, D., Hale, S., Zimmerman, A. R., Harvey, O., Rutherford, D., Abiven, S., Knicker, H., Schmidt, H-P. ; Rumpel, C. and G. Cornelissen (2016). Sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds to a diverse suite of carbonaceous materials with emphasis on biochar Chemosphere 144: 879-887.

Wang, S. Zimmerman, A.R., Li,Y., Ma,L., Harris,W.G., Migliaccio, K.W. (2015). Physicochemical and sorptive properties of biochars derived from woody and herbaceous biomass. Chemosphere, 134: 257–262

Fang, J., Gao, B., Chen, J., and A.R. Zimmerman (2015). Hydrochars derived from plant biomass under various conditions: Characterization and potential applications and impacts. Chemical Engineering Journal: 267: 253–259.

Wang, S., Gao, B., Li, Y., Mosa, A., Zimmerman, A. R., Ma, L.Q., Harris, W.G., and K.W. Migliaccio (2015). Manganese oxide-modified biochars: Preparation, characterization, and sorption of arsenate and lead. Bioresource Technology: 181: 13–17.

Zhou, Y., Gao, B., Zimmerman, A.R., and X. Cao (2014). Biochar-supported zerovalent iron reclaims silver from aqueous solution to form antimicrobial nanocomposite. Chemosphere: 117: 801–805.

Mukherjee, A., Lal, R., A.R. Zimmerman (2014). Impacts of 1.5-year field-aging on biochar, humic acid, and water treatment residual amended soil Soil Science, 179: 333-339.

Mukherjee, A., Lal, R., A.R. Zimmerman (2014). Impacts of biochar and other amendments on soil-carbon and nitrogen stability: A laboratory column study. Soil Science Society of America Journal. Vol. 78 No. 4, p. 1258-1266. doi:10.2136/sssaj2014.01.0025

Whitman, T., Singh, B.P., and A.R. Zimmerman (2015). Priming effects in biochar-amended soils: implications of biochar-soil organic matter interactions for carbon storage. In: Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation, p. 455, 2nd Edition; Lehmann, J., Joseph, S., Eds.; Earthscan: London, UK.

Lehmann, J., Abiven, S., Kleber, M., Pan, G., Singh, B.P., Sohi, S. and A.R. Zimmerman (2015). Persistence of Biochar in Soil. In: Biochar for Environmental Management: Science, Technology and Implementation, p. 235, 2nd Edition; Lehmann, J., Joseph, S., Eds.; Earthscan: London, UK.

Wang, S., Gao, B., Zimmerman, A.R., Li, Y., Ma, L., Harris, W.G., and K.W. Migliaccio (2015). Removal of arsenic by magnetic biochar prepared from pine wood and natural hematite. Bioresource Technology. Bioresource Technology, 175: 391–395.

Hu, X, Ding, Z., Zimmerman, A.R., Wang, S., and B. Gao (2015). Batch and column sorption of arsenic onto iron-impregnated biochar synthesized through hydrolysis. Water Research, 68: 206-216.

Hale, S. Endo, S., Arp, H.P.H., Zimmerman, A.R., and G. Cornelissen (2015). Sorption of the monoterpenes α pinene and limonene to soil and carbonaceous geosorbents including biochar. Chemosphere 119 (2015) 881–888.

Jin J., Zimmerman, A. R., Martin, J.B., and M.B. Khadka (2015). Spatiotemporal variations in carbon dynamics during a low flow period in a carbonate karst watershed, Florida, USA. Biogeochemistry, 122: 131-150. DOI 10.1007/s10533-014-0035-6.

Ding, Z., Hu, X., Zimmerman, A.R., and B. Gao (2014).  Sorption and cosorption of lead (II) and methylene blue on chemically modified biomass. Bioresource Technology, 167: 569-573. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.043.

Mukherjee, A., Zimmerman, A.R., Hamdan, R., and W.T. Cooper (2014). Physicochemical changes in pyrogenic organic matter (biochar) after 15 months field-aging. Solid Earth, 5: 693–704. doi:10.5194/se-5-693-2014.

Mukherjee, A., Lal, R., Zimmerman, A.R. (2014). Effects of biochar and other amendments on the physical properties and greenhouse gas emissions of an artificially degraded soil. Science of the Total Environment, 487: 26–36.

Jin, J., A. R. Zimmerman, P. J. Moore, and J. B. Martin (2014), Organic and inorganic carbon dynamics in a karst aquifer: Santa Fe River Sink-Rise system, north Florida, USA, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 119, doi:10.1002/2013JG002350.

Mitra, S., Zimmerman, A.R., Hunsinger, G.B, Woerner, W.R. (2014). Black carbon in coastal and large river systems. In: Biogeochemical Dynamics at Large River-Coastal Interfaces: Linkages with Global Climate Change, edited by T.S. Bianchi, M.A. Allison, and W.-J. Cai, Cambridge University Press. New York, NY.

Inyang, Mandu; Gao, Bin; Zimmerman, Andrew; Zhang, Ming, and H. Chen (2014). Synthesis, characterization, and dye sorption ability of carbon nanotube-biochar nanocomposites. Chemical Engineering Journal, 236: 39-46.

Zhou, Y., Gao, B., Zimmerman, A.R., Chen, H., Zhang, M., and X. Cao (2014). Biochar-supported zerovalent iron reclaims silver from aqueous solution to form antimicrobial nanocomposite. Bioresource Technology, 152: 538-542.

Mahmoudi, N., Porter, T.M., Zimmerman, A.R., Fulthorpe, R.R., Kasozi, N., Silliman, B.R. and G.F. Slater (2013). Rapid degradation of Deepwater Horizon spilled oil by indigenous microbial communities in Louisiana salt marsh sediments. Environ. Sci. Technol. 47: 13303−13312.
Leorri, E., Mitra, S., Irabien, M. J.; Zimmerman, A. R., Blake, W., Cearreta, A. (2013). A 700 year record of combustion-derived pollution in northern Spain: Tools to identify the Holocene/Anthropocene transition in coastal environments. Science of the Total Environment. 470: 240–247.

Zhou, Y., Gao, Bin, Zimmerman, A., Fang, J., Sun, Y., Cao, X. (2013). Sorption of heavy metals on chitosan-modified biochars and its biological effects. Chemical Engineering Journal, 231:512-518.

Ling Zhao, Xinde Cao, Ondřej Mašek, and Andrew Zimmerman. (2013). Heterogeneity of biochar properties as a function of feedstock sources and production temperatures. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 256– 257: 1– 9.

Green, A.E. and A.R. Zimmerman (2013). Energy: Solid Waste Advanced Thermal Technology, Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, Taylor & Francis.

Mukherjee, A., Zimmerman, A.R. (2013). Organic carbon and nutrient release from a range of laboratory-produced biochars and biochar-soil mixtures. Geoderma, 193-194: 122–130.

Yao, Y., Gao, B., Zhang, M., Inyang, I., and A.R. Zimmerman. 2012. Effect of biochar amendment on sorption and leaching of nitrate, ammonium, and phosphate in a sandy soil. Chemosphere, 89: 1467-1471.

Xue, Y., Gao, B., Yao, Y., Inyang, M., Zhang, M., Zimmerman, A.R., and K. S. Ro (2012). Hydrogen peroxide modification enhances the ability of biochar (hydrochar) produced from hydrothermal carbonization of peanut hull to remove aqueous heavy metals: Batch and column tests. Chemical Engineering Journal, 200-202, 673-680.

McMichael, C. H., Piperno, D. R. Bush, M. B., Silman, M. R., Zimmerman, A. R.  Raczka, M. F. and L.C. Lobato (2012).  Sparse Pre-Columbian Human Habitation in Western Amazonia Science, 336, 1429-1431.  DOI: 10.1126/science.1219982

Silliman, B. R, van de Koppel, J., McCoy, M. W., Diller, J., Kasozi, G. N., Earl, K., Adams, P. N., and A. R. Zimmerman (2012). Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109: 11234-11239.  doi: 10.1073/pnas.1204922109

Kasozi, G.N., Nkedi-Kizza, P., Li, Y. and A.R. Zimmerman (2012). Sorption of atrazine and ametryn by carbonatic and non-carbonatic soilsEnvironmental Pollution, 169: 12-19.

Hale, S.E., Lehmann, J., Rutherford, D., Zimmerman, A.R., Bachmann, R.T., Shitumbanuma, V., O’Toole, A., Sundqvist, K.L., Arp, H.P.H., Cornelissen, G. (2012). Quantifying the total and bioavailable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and dioxins in biochars. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46, 2830-2838.

Frost, J. R., Jacoby, C.A., Frazer, T.K., and A. R. Zimmerman (2012). Pulse perturbations from bacterial decomposition of Chrysaoraquinquecirrha (Scyphozoa: Pelagiidae), Hydrobiologia, DOI 10.1007/s10750-012-1042-z

Rajkovich, S., Enders, A., Hanley, A., Hyland, C., Zimmerman, A.R., and J. Lehmann (2012). Corn growth and nitrogen nutrition after additions of biochars with varying properties to a temperate soil. Biol Fertil Soils, 48: 271 – 284.

Green, A.E. and A.R. Zimmerman (2012). Solid Waste to Energy by Advanced Thermal Technology, Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1081/E-EEM-120046150

Inyang, M., Gao, B., Pullammanappallil, P., Ding, W., Zimmerman, A. R. and X. Cao (2012). Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by biochars derived from anaerobically digested biomass. Bioresource Technology, 110:  50–56.

Yao, Y., Gao B., Inyang, M., Gao, B., Zimmerman, A. R., Cao, X., Pullammanappallil, P., and L. Yang (2012). Adsorption of sulfamethoxazole on biochar and its impact on reclaimed water irrigation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, v.209-210: 408-413.

Inyang, M., Gao, B., Pullammanappallil, P., Ding, W., Zimmerman, A. R. and X. Cao (2011). Enhanced Lead Sorption by Biochar Derived from Anaerobically Digested Sugarcane Bagasse. Separation Science and Technology. 46: 1950-1956.

Harvey, O., Kuo, L-J., Zimmerman, A.R., Louchouarn, P., Amonette, J., Herbert, B.E. (2012). An index-based approach to assessing recalcitrance and soil carbon sequestration potential of engineered black carbons (biochars), Environmental Science & Technology, 46: 1415-1421.

Hale, Sarah; Hanley, Kelly; Lehmann, Johannes; Zimmerman, Andrew; Cornelissen, Gerard (2011). The effects of chemical, biological and physical aging as well as soil addition on the sorption of pyrene to activated carbon and biochar. Environmental Science & Technology, 45: 10445–10453.

McMichael, C.H., Bush, M.B., Piperno, D.R., Silman, M.R., Zimmerman, A.R. and C. Anderson (2012). Spatial and temporal scales of pre-Columbian disturbance associated with western Amazonian lakes. The Holocene 22: 131-141.

Yao, Y., Gao B., Inyang, M., Gao, B., Zimmerman, A. R., Cao, X., Pullammanappallil, P., and L. Yang (2011). Removal of phosphate from aqueous solution by biochar derived from anaerobically digested sugar beet tailings. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 190: 501-507.

Mukherjee, A., Zimmerman, A.R. and W. Harris (2011). Surface chemistry variations among a series of laboratory-produced biochars. Geoderma, 163:247-255.


Kasozi, G.N., Zimmerman, A.R.*, Nkedi-Kizza, P. and B. Gao (2010). Catechol and humic acid sorption onto a range of laboratory-produced black carbons (biochars). Environmental Science & Technology 44: 6169-6195.

Zimmerman, A.R. and M.Y. Ahn (2010). Organo-mineral enzyme interactions and influence on soil enzyme activity. In: Soil Enzymology, Soil Biology 22 G. (Eds. Shukla and A. Varma), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-14225-3_15.

Inyang, M., Gao, B., Pullammanappallil, P., Ding, W. and A.R. Zimmerman (2010). Biochar from anaerobically digested sugarcane bagasse. Bioresource Technology 101: 8868-8872.

Khodadad, C.L.M., Zimmerman, A.R., Uthandi, S., and J.S. Foster (2010). Taxa-specific changes in soil microbial community composition induced by pyrogenic carbon amendments. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43: 385-392. DOI 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.11.005.

Green, A.E. and A.R. Zimmerman (2010). SWEATT (Solid Waste to Energy by Advanced Thermal Technologies), Encyclopedia of Energy Engineering and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 1: 1-19.

Jin, J. and A. Zimmerman (2010). Abiotic dissolved organic matter-mineral interaction in the karstic Floridan Aquifer. Applied Geochemistry, 25, 472-484.

Van Eaton, A., Zimmerman, A.R., Jaeger, J.M., Brenner, M., Kenney, W. and J. Schmidt (2010). A novel application of radionuclides for dating sediment cores from sandy, anthropogenically disturbed estuaries, USA. Marine and Freshwater Research 61: 1268–1277.

Hyun, S., Park, H., Ahn, M.Y. and Zimmerman A.R., and C.T. Jafvert (2010). Fluxes of PAHs from coal tar-impacted river sediment under variable seepage rates. Chemosphere 80: 1261-1267.

Kasozi, G. N., Nkedi-Kizza, P., Agyin-Birikorang, S., and A. R. Zimmerman (2010). Characterization of adsorption and degradation of diuron in carbonatic and noncarbonatic soils. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 58, 1055–1061.

Ahn, M.-Y., Zimmerman, A. R., Comerford, N. B., Sickman, J., and S. Grunwald (2009). Carbon mineralization and labile organic carbon pools in the sandy soils of a north Florida watershed. Ecosystems, 12, 672-685.

Mitra, S., Zimmerman, A. R., Hunsinger, G. B., Willard, D., and J. C. Dunn (2009).  A Holocene record of climate-driven shifts in coastal carbon sequestration. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, LO5704.

Zimmerman, A. R. Ahn. M.-Y., Kang D.-H. , Banks, M. K. (2008). Influence of a soil enzyme on iron-cyanide complex speciation and mineral adsorption. Chemosphere. 70, (6): 1044-1051.

Hyun, S., Ahn, M.-Y., Zimmerman, A. R., Kim, M., and Kim, J.-G. (2009). Implication of hydraulic properties of bioremediated diesel-contaminated soil. Chemosphere, 71, 1646-1653.

Ahn, M.-Y., Zimmerman, A.R., Martínez, C.E., Archibald, D.D., Bollag, J.-M., Dec, J. (2007). Characteristics of Trametes villosa laccase adsorbed on aluminum hydroxide. Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic.

Zimmerman, A. R. and M. Smith (2006). Engaging the Remote-Control Generation in the Gen. Ed. Earth Science Classroom.  EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 87(34): 339.

Ahn. M.-Y., Martínez, C.E., Archibald, D.D., Zimmerman, A.R. Bollag, J.M., and Dec, J. (2006). Transformation of catechol in the presence of a laccase and metal oxides.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 1015-1020.

Goyne, K.W., Chorover, J., Kubicki, J. , Zimmerman, A.R., and S.L. Brantley (2005). Sorption of the antibiotic ofloxacin to mesoporous alumina and silica. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 28: 160-170.

Zimmerman, A. R., K.G. Goyne, S. Komarneni, J. Chorover, J. Kubicki, S.L. Brantley (2004). Mineral mesopore effects on nitrogenous organic matter adsorption. Organic Geochemistry 35: 355-375.

Goyne, K. W., J. Chorover, , S. Komarneni, A. R. Zimmerman, S.L. Brantley (2004). Influence of mesoporosity on the sorption of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid to alumina and silica. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 272: 10-20.

Goyne, K. W., A. R. Zimmerman, B.L. Newalkar, S. Komarneni, S.L. Brantley, J. Chorover (2002). Surface charge of variable porosity Al2O3 (s) and SiO2(s) adsorbents. Journal of Porous Materials 9: 242-256.

Zimmerman, A. R., and E. A. Canuel, 2001. Bulk organic matter and lipid biomarker composition of Chesapeake Bay surficial sediments as indicators of environmental processes. Estuarine, Coastal Shelf Science 53: 319-341.

Zimmerman, A. R., and E. A. Canuel, 2000. A geochemical record of eutrophication and anoxia in Chesapeake Bay sediments: Anthropogenic influence on organic matter composition. Marine Chemistry 69: 117-137

Canuel, E. A., and Zimmerman, A. R., 1999. Composition of Particulate Organic Matter in the Lower Chesapeake Bay: Sources and Reactivity. Estuaries 4: 980-994.

Colman, S., Baucom, P. C., Bratton, J. F., Cronin, T. M., McGeehin, J. P., Willard, D., Zimmmerman, A. R., Vogt, P., 2002. Radiocarbon Dating, Chronologic Framework, and Changes in Accumulation Rates of Holocene Estuarine Sediments from Chesapeake Bay. Quaternary Research. 57: 58-70.

Marcantonio, F., Zimmerman, A., Yingfeng X., Canuel, E., 2002. A record of Eastern US atmospheric Pb emissions in Chesapeake Bay sediments: stable Pb isotopes as a chronological tool. Marine Chemistry. 77: 123-132.

Cronin, T., Willard, D., Karlsen, A., Ishman., I, Verardo, S., McGeehin, J., Kerhin, R., Holmes, C., Coleman, S., Zimmerman, A., 2000. Climatic variability in the eastern United States over the past millenium from Chesapeake Bay sediments. Geology 28: 3-6.

Zimmerman, A. R., and Benner R., 1994. Denitrification, nutrient regeneration and carbon mineralization in sediments of Galveston Bay, Texas., USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 114: 275-288.

Zimmerman, A. R., and Owen, R. M., 1990. A quantitative model of the dispersal of detrital inputs and minor compositional components in Lake Michigan sediments. Journal of Great Lakes Research 16(3): 444-456.

Owen, R. M., and Zimmerman, A. R., 1991. Geochemistry of Broken Ridge sediment . In: Weissel, J. Peirce, J., Taylor, E., Alt, J., et al., Proc. of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 121: Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office).

Owen, R. M., and Zimmerman, A. R., 1991. Geochemistry of the Cretaceous/Tertiary Boundary at Hole 752B, Broken Ridge. In: Weissel, J. Peirce, J., Taylor, E., Alt, J., et al., Proc. of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 121: Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office).

Owen, R. M., and Zimmerman, A. R., 1991. Data Report: Geochemical Analysis of Indian Ocean Standard Sediment Sample. In: Weissel, J. Peirce, J., Taylor, E., Alt, J., et al., Proc. of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 121: Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office).