Stewart Duncan

Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy

Areas of Interest/Research

  • Early modern European philosophy

Contact Information

C.V. and Publications


My research focuses on early modern European philosophy. Most of that research is connected to a long-running project, which I sometimes think of as ‘materialism from the Third Objections to the New Essays‘ — that is, philosophical discussions of materialism from Hobbes’s objections to Descartes’s Meditations in 1641, to Leibniz’s objections to Locke’s Essay in the early years of the eighteenth century. There was a long, connected debate there, which I’ve been exploring in a series of papers. Those address topics including Hobbes’s materialism; related views of Hobbes’s such as his philosophy of language; criticisms of materialism by the likes of Cudworth and Leibniz; and the alternative materialist projects of Margaret Cavendish and John Toland. Recently I’ve been thinking more about Locke, though still in the context of that overall project.


I am not teaching during the 2020-21 academic year.