Publications

Howell, J. L., Lipsey, N. P., & Shepperd, J. A. (in press). Health Information Avoidance: Prevalence, Causes, Consequences, and Cures. In K. Sweeny and M. Robbins (Eds.) The Encyclopedia of Health Psychology, Volume 2 (The Social Bases of Health Behavior). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell.

Shepperd, J. A., & Howell, J. L. (in press). Unrealistic optimism and health. In K. Sweeny and M. Robbins (Eds.) The Encyclopedia of Health Psychology, Volume 2 (The Social Bases of Health Behavior). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell.

Shepperd, J. A., Sweeny, K., & Falkenstein, A. (in press). Fluctuations in future outlooks: Unrealistic optimism and pessimism in outcome predictions. In G. Oettingen, A. T. Sevincer, & P. M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), The Psychology of Thinking about the Future.

Howell, J. L., & Shepperd, J. A. (2017). Social exclusion, self-affirmation, and health information avoidance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 68, 21-26. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2016.05.005

Shepperd, J. A., Pogge, G. C., & Howell, J. L. (2017). Assessing the Consequences of Unrealistic Optimism: Challenges and Recommendations. Consciousness & Cognition, 50, 69-78. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.07.004

Howell, J. L., Ratliff, K. A., & Shepperd, J. A. (2016). Automatic attitudes and health information avoidance. Health Psychology, 35(8), 761-766. doi: 10.1037/hea0000330

Smith, C. T., Shepperd, J. A., Miller, W. A., & Graber, J. A. (2016). Perspective taking explains gender differences in late adolescents’ attitudes toward disadvantaged groups. Journal of Youth and Adolescents, 45(7), 1283-1293. doi: 10.1007/s10964-015-0376-z

Howell, J. L., & Shepperd, J. A. (2016). Establishing an information avoidance scale. Psychological Assessment, 35(8), 816-823. doi: 10.1037/pas0000315

Shepperd, J. A., Emanuel, A. S., Dodd, V. J., & Logan, H. L. (2016). The reliability of psychological instruments in community samples: A cautionary note. Journal of Health Psychology, 21(9), 2033-2014. doi: 10.1177/1359105315569859

Dwyer, L. A., Shepperd, J. A., & Stock, M. L. (2015). Predicting avoidance of skin damage feedback among college students. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49, 685-695. doi: 10.1007/s12160-015-9703-6

Emanuel, A. S., Kiviniemi, M. T., Howell, J. L., Hays, J., Waters, E. A., Orom, H., & Shepperd, J. A. (2015). Avoiding cancer risk information: Prevalence, correlates, and outcomes. Social Science and Medicine, 147, 113-120. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.058

Klein, W. P., Shepperd, J. A., Rothman, A. J., Suls, J. & Croyle, R. (2015). Realizing the Promise of Social Psychology in Improving Public Health. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 19, 77-92. doi: 10.1177/1088868314539852

Logan, H. L., Emanuel, A. S., Guo, Y., Shepperd, J. A., Riley, J. L., Dodd, V. J., & Muller, K. E., (2015). Determinants of first-time cancer examinations in a rural community: A mechanism for behavior change. American Journal of Public Health, 105, 1424-1431. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302516

Newell, S., Logan, H. L., Guo, Y., Marks, J. G., & Shepperd, J. A. (2015). Evaluating tablet computers as a survey tool. Journal of Rural Health, 31, 108-117. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12095

Shepperd, J. A., Emanuel, A. S., Howell, J. L., & Logan, H. L. (2015). Predicting scheduling and showing for an oral cancer examination, Annals of Behavioral Medicine,49, 828-838. doi: 10.1007/s12160-015-9717-0

Shepperd, J. A., & Howell, J. L. (2015). Responding to psychological threats with deliberate ignorance: causes and remedies. In P. J. Carroll, R. M. Arkin and A. Wichman (Eds.) Handbook of Personal Security, pp. 257-274. New York: Taylor Francis.

Shepperd, J. A., Miller, W. A., & Smith, C. T. (2015). Religiousness and Aggression in Adolescents: The Mediating Roles of Self-Control and Compassion. Aggressive Behavior, 41, 608-621. doi: 10.1002/ab.21600

Shepperd, J. A., Waters, E. A., Weinstein, N. D., & Klein, W. M. P. (2015). A primer on unrealistic optimism. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24, 232-237. doi: 10.1177/0963721414568341

Taber, J. M., Klein, W. M. P., Ferrer, R. A., Lewis, K. L., Harris, P. R., Shepperd, J. A., & Biesecker, L. G. (2015). Information avoidance tendencies, spontaneous self-affirmation and interest in genetic sequencing feedback. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49, 616-621. doi 10.1007/s12160-014-9679-7

Howell, J. L., Crosier, B., & Shepperd, J. A. (2014). Does lacking threat-management resources increase information avoidance? A multi-study, multi-method, large-sample investigation, Journal of Research in Personality, 50, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2014.03.003

Howell, J. L., Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2014). Psychological distance and the discrepancy between recommendations and actions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36, 502-514. doi: 10.1080/01973533.2014.958229

Sanderson, S., McBride, C. M., Shepperd, J. A., O’Neill, S. C., Docherty, S., & Lipkus, I. M. (2014). Young adult smokers’ responses to information about lung cancer risk associated with a common gene variant. Public Health Genomics, 17, 68-75. doi: 10.1159/000356708

Shepperd, J. A., Howell, J. L., & Logan, H. (2014). A Survey of Barriers to Screening for Oral Cancer among Rural African Americans. Psycho-Oncology, 23, 276-282. doi: 10.1002/pon.3415

Shepperd, J. A., Miller, W. A., & Smith, C. T. (2014). Does religion offer worldviews that dissuade substance use? Psychology of Religion & Spirituality, 6, 292-301. doi.org/10.1037/a0037052

Shepperd, J. A., Novell, C. A., O’Neill, S. C., McBride, C. M., Sanderson, S., Docherty, S., & Lipkus, I. M. (2014). Contemplating genetic feedback regarding lung cancer susceptibility. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 47, 395-403. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9561-z

Howell, J. L., Collision, B. D., Crysel, L., Garrido, C. O., Newell, S. M., & Cottrell, C., & Shepperd, J. A. (2013). Managing the threat of impending implicit attitude feedback. Social & Personality Psychology Science, 4(6), 715-722. doi: 10.1177/1948550613479803

Howell, J. L., Shepperd, J. A. (2013). Behavioral Obligation and Information Avoidance. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45, 258-263. doi: 10.1007/s12160-012-9451-9

Howell, J. L., Shepperd, J. A. (2013). Reducing health avoidance through contemplation. Psychological Science, 24, 1696-1703 doi: 10,1177/0956797613478616

Howell, J. L., Shepperd, J. A., Logan, H. (2013). Barriers to Oral Cancer Screening: A Focus Group Study of Rural Black American Adults. Psycho-Oncology, 22, 1306-1311. doi: 10.1002/pon.3137

Logan, H. L., Shepperd, J. A., Pomery, E. A., Guo, Y., Muller, K. E., Dodd, V. J., & Riley, J. L. (2013). Increasing screening intent for oral and pharyngeal cancer. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 46, 96-106. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9480-z

Miller, W., Shepperd, J. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2013). Evaluating the religious commitment inventory for adolescents. Psychology of Spirituality & Religion, 5, 233-241. doi: 10.1037/a0031694

O’Neill, S. C., Lipkus, I. M., Sanderson, S., Shepperd, J. A., Docherty, S., McBride, C. M. (2013). Motivations for genetic testing for common disease risk among young smokers. Tobacco Control, 22, 406-411. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050306

Shepperd, J. A., Howell, J. L., Catalanotto, F., Dodd, V. J., Logan, H. (2013). The decision to counsel adolescents about HPV. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37, 755-672. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.6.4

Shepperd, J. A., Klein, W. M. P., Waters, E. A., & Weinstein, N. D. (2013). Taking stock of unrealistic optimism. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 8, 395-411. doi: 10.1177/1745691613485247

Shepperd, J. A., Lipkus, I. M., Sanderson, S., McBride, C. M., O’Neill, S. C., & Docherty, S. (2013). Testing different communication formats on responses to imagined risk of having vs. missing the GSTM1 gene. Health Communication, 18, 124-137. doi: 10.1080/10810730.2012.688245

Shepperd, J. A., & Melnyk, D. (2013). Social loafing. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the mind. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Sweeny, K., Shepperd, J. A., & Han, P. K. J. (2013). The goals of communicating bad news in health care: Do physicians and patients agree? Health Expectations, 16, 230-238. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00709.x

Howell, J. L., & Shepperd, J. A. (2012). Reducing information avoidance through affirmation. Psychological Science, 23, 141-145. doi: 10.1177/0956797611424164

Melnyk, D., & Shepperd, J. A. (2012). Avoiding risk information about breast cancer. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44, 216-224. doi: 10.1007/s12160-012-9382-5

Sweeny, K., Shepperd, J. A., & Howell, J. L. (2012). Do as I say (not as I do): When recommendations are inconsistent with actions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 12, 128-135. doi: 10.1080/01973533.2012.655998

Docherty, S., McBride, S. C., Sanderson, S., O’Neill, S. C., Shepperd, J. A., & Lipkus, I. M. (2011). Young smokers’ views of genetic susceptibility testing for lung cancer risk: Minding unintended consequences. Journal of Community Genetics, 2, 165-172. doi: 10.1007/s12687-011-0053-1

Howell, J. L., & Shepperd, J. A. (2011). Demonstrating the correspondence bias. Teaching of Psychology, 38, 243-246. doi: 10.1177/0098628311421320

Shepperd, J. A. (2011). Using mediation to identify mechanisms of change. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 71, S51. PMID: 21656953

Shepperd, J. A., Rothman, A., & Klein, W. P. (2011). Self-regulation, identity-regulation and health. Self & Identity, 10, 281-283. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2011.570426

Shepperd, J. A., Rothman, A., & Klein, W. P. (2011). Using self- and identity-regulation to promote health: Promises and challenges. Self & Identity, 10, 407-416. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2011.577198

Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2010). The costs of optimism and the benefits of pessimism: Timing matters. Emotion, 10, 750-753. doi: 10.1037/a0019016

Sweeny, K., Melnyk, D., Malone, W., & Shepperd, J. A. (2010). Information avoidance: Who, what, when & why. Review of General Psychology, 14, 340-353. doi: 10.1037/a0021288

Carroll, P. J., & Shepperd, J. A. (2009). Preparedness, mental simulations, and future outlooks. In K. Markman, W. Klein, & J. Suhr (eds.), The Handbook of Imagination and Mental Simulation, pp. 429-445. Psychology Press.

Carroll, P. J., Shepperd, J. A., & Arkin, R. M. (2009). Downward self-revision. Social Cognition, 27, 523-551. doi: 10.1521/soco.2009.27.4.550

Drace, S., DesRichard, O., Shepperd, J. A., & Hoorens, V. (2009). Does Mood Really Influence Comparative Optimism? Tracking an Elusive Effect. British Journal of Social Psychology, 48, 579-599. doi: 10.1348/014466608X387098

Lipkus, I. M., & Shepperd, J. A. (2009). College smokers’ estimates of their probabilities of remaining a smoker in the near future. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 547-555.

Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2009). Responding to negative health events: A test of the bad news response model. Psychology & Health, 24, 895-907.

Sweeny, K., Shepperd, J. A., & Carroll, P. J. (2009). Expectations for others’ outcomes: Do People Display Compassionate Bracing? Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 160-171. doi: 10.1177/0146167208327050

Hoorens, V., Smit, T., & Shepperd, J. A. (2008). Comparative optimism in the spontaneous generation of future life events. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 441-451. doi: 10.1348/014466607X236023

Koch, E., & Shepperd, J. A. (2008). Testing competence and acceptance explanations of self-esteem. Self and Identity, 7, 54-74. doi: 10.1080/15298860601005826

Shepperd, J. A., Carroll, P. J., & Sweeny, K., (2008). A Functional approach to explaining fluctuations in future outlooks: From self-enhancement to self-criticism. In E. Chang & L. Sanna (eds.), The complexities of self-criticism and self-enhancement: Theory, research and clinical implications, pp. 161-180. Washington, DC: APA press. doi: 10.1037/11624-010

Shepperd, J. A., Grace, J. L., & Koch, E. (2008). Evaluating the electronic textbook: Is it time to dispense with the paper text? Teaching of Psychology, 35, 2-5. doi: 10.1080/00986280701818532

Shepperd, J. A., Malone, W., & Sweeny, K. (2008). Exploring the causes of the self-serving bias. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 895–908. (URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/ 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00078.x)

Grace, J. L., & Shepperd, J. A. (2007). Social loafing. In R. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs, (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology, Vol 2, pp. 909-910. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Carroll, P. J., Shepperd, J. A., Sweeny, K., Carlson, E., & Benigno, J. P. (2007). Disappointment for others. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 1565-1576.

Shepperd, J. A., Sweeny, K., & Cherry, L.C. (2007). Influencing audience satisfaction in others by prompting low expectations. Social Influence, 2, 98-111. doi: 10.1080/15534510601095772

Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2007). Being the best bearer of bad tidings: The Bad news response Model. Review of General Psychology, 11, 235-257. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.11.3.235

Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2007). Do people brace sensibly? Risk judgments and risk prevalence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1064-1075. doi: 10.1177/0146167207301024

Terry, M., Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2007). Self-presentation. In R. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs, (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology, Vol 2, pp. 335-838. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Carroll, P. J., Sweeny, K., & Shepperd, J. A. (2006). Forsaking optimism. Review of General Psychology, 10, 56-73. DOI: 10.1037/1089-2680.10.1.56

Shepperd, J. A., Sweeny, K., & Carroll, P. J. (2006). Abandoning optimism in predictions about the future. In L. J. Sanna & E. Chang (Eds.), Judgments over time: The interplay of thoughts, feelings and behaviors, pp. 13-33. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sweeny, K., Carroll, P. J., & Shepperd, J. A. (2006). Is optimism always best? Future outlooks and preparedness. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 302-306. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2006.00457.x

Shepperd, J. A., Grace, J., Cole, L., & Klein, C. T. F. (2005). Anxiety and outcome judgments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 267-275.

Shepperd, J. A., & Koch, E. (2005). Pitfalls in teaching judgment heuristics. Teaching of Psychology, 32, 43-46. doi:10.1207/s15328023top3201_10

Koch, E., & Shepperd, J. A. (2004). Is self-complexity linked to better coping? A review of the literature. Journal of Personality, 72, 727-760.

Shepperd, J. A., Helweg-Larsen, M., & Ortega, L. (2003). Are comparative judgments consistent over time and across events? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1169-1180.

Shepperd, J. A., Carroll, P., Grace, J., & Terry, M. (2002). Exploring the cause of comparative optimism. Psychologica Belgica, 42, 65-98.

Shepperd, J.A., & McNulty, J. (2002). The affective consequences of expected and unexpected outcomes. Psychological Sciences, 13, 84-87.

Shepperd, J. A. (2001). Performance among individuals and groups: The implications of parallel research traditions for social loafing. In S. G. Harkins (Ed.), Multiple Perspectives on the Effects of Evaluation of performance: Toward an Integration, pp. 133-154. Kluwer Publishers, New York, NY.

Shepperd, J.A. (2001). Social loafing and expectancy value theory. In S. G. Harkins (Ed.), Multiple Perspectives on the Effects of Evaluation of performance: Toward an Integration, pp. 1-24. Kluwer Publishers, New York, NY.

Helweg-Larsen, M., & Shepperd, J. A. (2001). Do moderators of the optimistic bias affect personal or target risk estimates? A review of the literature. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 74-95.

Shepperd, J.A. (2001). The desire to help and behavior in social dilemmas: Exploring responses to catastrophes. Group Dynamics, 5, 304-314.

Shepperd, J. A., Findley-Klein, C., Kwavnick, K. D., Walker, D., & Perez, S. (2000). Bracing for Loss. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 620-634.

Britt, T., & Shepperd, J.A. (1999). Trait relevance and trait assessment. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 108-122.

Shepperd, J. A., & Kwavnick, K. (1999). Maladaptive image maintenance. In M. R. Kowalski & R. M. Leary (Eds.), The social psychology of behavioral and emotional problems, pp. 249-277. Washington, DC: APA press.

Shepperd, J. A., & Taylor, K. M. (1999). Ascribing advantages to comparison targets. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 21, 103-117.

Shepperd, J. A., & Taylor, K. M. (1999). Social loafing and expectancy-value theory. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 215, 1147-1158.

Taylor, K. M., & Shepperd, J. A. (1998). Bracing for the Worst: Severity, Testing and Feedback as Moderators of the Optimistic Bias. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 915-926.

Fernandez, J. K., & Shepperd, J. A. (1997). Biases in the assessment of performance handicaps. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 16, 420-439.

Shepperd, J. A., & Soucherman, R. (1997). On the manipulative behavior of low Machiavellians: Feigning incompetence to “sandbag” an opponent’s effort. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 1448-1459.

Shepperd, J. A. (1996). The antecedents, consequences, and purpose of self-esteem. [Review of Michael H. Kernis’s Efficacy, Agency, and Self-Esteem]. Contemporary Psychology, 41, 816-817.

Shepperd, J. A., Morato, J. J., & Pbert, L. A. (1996). Dispositional optimism as a predictor of health changes among cardiac patients. Journal of Research in Personality, 30, 517-534.

Shepperd, J. A., Ouellette, J. A., & Fernandez, J. K. (1996). Abandoning unrealistic optimism: Performance estimates and the temporal proximity of self-relevant feedback. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 844-855.

Taylor, K. M., & Shepperd, J. A. (1996). Probing suspicion among participants in deception research. American Psychologist, 51, 651-652.

Shepperd, J. A. (1995). Remedying motivation and productivity loss in collective settings. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4, 131-134.

Shepperd, J. A., Arkin, R. M., & Slaughter, J. (1995). Constraints on excuse making: The deterring effects of shyness and anticipated retest. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 1061-1072.

Shepperd, J. A., Arkin, R. M., Strathman, A., & Baker, S. M. (1994). Dysphoria as a moderator of the relationship between perceived effort and ability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 559-569.

Shepperd, J. A. (1993). Developing a prediction model for reduce a growing number of psychology majors. Teaching of Psychology, 20, 97-101. doi:10.1207/s15328023top2002_7

Shepperd, J. A. (1993). Productivity loss in groups: A motivation analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 67-81.

Shepperd, J. A. (1993). Student derogation of the SAT: Biases in perceptions and presentations of college board scores. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 14, 455-473.

Shepperd, J. A. (1991). Cautions in assessing spurious “moderator effects”. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 315-317.

Shepperd, J. A., & Arkin, R. M. (1991). Behavioral other-enhancement: Strategically obscuring the link between performance and evaluation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 79-88.

Shepperd, J. A., & Kashani, J. H. (1991). The relationship of hardiness, gender, and stress to health outcomes in adolescents. Journal of Personality, 59, 747-768.

Arkin, R. M., & Shepperd, J. A. (1990). Strategic self-presentation: An overview. In M. J. Cody & M. L. McLaughlin, (Eds.), The Psychology of Tactical Communication, (pp. 179-193). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters, Ltd.

Kashani, J. H., & Shepperd, J. A. (1990). Predicting violent aggression in adolescents: The role of social support and personality. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 311-315.

Shepperd, J. A., & Arkin, R. M. (1990). Shyness as self-presentation. In R. Crozier (Ed.), Shyness and Embarrassment: Perspectives From Social Psychology, (pp. 287-314). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Arkin, R. M., & Shepperd, J. A. (1989). Self-presentational styles in organizations. In R. A. Giacalone & P. Rosenfeld (Eds.), Impression Management in the Organization, (pp. 125-139). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Shepperd, J. A., & Arkin, R. M. (1989). Determinants of self-handicapping: Task importance and the absence of environmental handicaps. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 15, 101-112.

Shepperd, J. A., & Arkin, R. M. (1989). Self-Handicapping: The moderating roles of public self-consciousness and task importance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 15, 252-265.

Shepperd, J. A., & Strathman, A. J. (1989). Attractiveness and height: The role of stature in dating preference, frequency of dating, and perceptions of attractiveness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 15, 617-627.

Shepperd, J. A., & Wright, R. A. (1989). Individual contributions to a collective effort: An incentive analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 15, 141-149.

Kashani, J. H., Kunig, P., Morris, D., Wilfley, D., & Shepperd, J. A. (1988). Psychological concomitants of cystic fibrosis in children and adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 873-880.

Kashani, J. H., Kunig, P., Shepperd, J. A., Wilfley, D., & Morris, D. (1988). Psychopathology and self-concept in asthmatic children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 13, 509-520.

Ramirez, A. G., & Shepperd, J. A. (1988). The use of focus groups in health research. Scandinavian Journal of Health Care, Suppl 1, 81-90.

Falbo, T., & Shepperd, J. A. (1986). Self-righteousness: Cognitive, power, and religious correlates. Journal of Research in Personality, 20, 145-157.

Leary, M. R., & Shepperd, J. A. (1986). Self-handicapping: A conceptual note. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1265-1268.

Leary, M. R., Shepperd, J. A., McNeil, M. S., Jenkins, T. B., & Barnes, B. D. (1986). Objectivism in information utilization: Theory and measurement. Journal of Personality Assessment, 50, 32-43.

Leary, M. R., Jenkins, T. B., & Shepperd, J. A. (1984). The growth in clinical-relevant research among social psychologists, 1965-1983. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 2, 333-338.

Updated May 18, 2017.